CRUSUS An Educational, Research and Business Consulting Network oriented to Sustainability CLIMATE CHANGE Climate Change Risk assessment for sustainable project Biofuel and Biomass production Sustainable financial Sustainability management and reports Publications AN ANALYSIS OF THE CONTRIBUTION OF FLIGHT ROUTE AND AIRCRAFT TYPE IN ENVIRONMENTAL PERFORMANCE OF AIRLINES BASED ON LIFE CYCLE ASSESSMENT: The Lufthansa Case   In the airlines sector, the reduction of fuel consumption became a  major global target due to the recent surge in oil prices. Aircraft  emissions have also been gaining importance, particularly in the  European Union where apart from the emissions of nitrogen oxides  (NOx) and its concerns related to ground level ozone formation,  measurements and reductions of carbon dioxide (CO2) became a  major regional target. This major concern related to CO2 emissions  is reflected on the upcoming inclusion of aviation sector into the EU  Emissions Trading Scheme as of 2012 when all intra-community  flights will be subject to emission restrictions. The main aim of this  paper is to show by means of life cycle assessment how fuel  consumption and emissions per passenger can vary significantly  between the same origin and destination according to the distance  flown and the use of different aircraft models. It illustrates these  variations with different real offers of daily flights by Deutsche  Lufthansa AG. Besides considerable reductions that can be  achieved with the use of fuel-efficient aircrafts, additional  improvements can be done by shortening air traffic routes and by  developing technology for continuous descent approach landing  patterns in collaboration between governments, regulators, airlines,  airports and air navigation system providers (ANPs)  Download the full report here.